Certain internet area related issues show up time and time again when the Area Directors in the IETF Internet Area (or members of the Internet Directorate or IoT Directorate complete reviews of Internet-Drafts. I-D authors are advised to address these issues ahead of time to smooth the path to RFC publication.
IPv6 should be the basis of all new protocol developments but there are still some issues overlooked by authors.
All interfaces have at least one IPv6 address: the link-local address. But, they can also have many more addresses obtained by stateless address autoconfiguration, DHCP, ... possibly in different prefixes. The list of addresses also changes daily or even more frequently.
RFC 7934 (a v6ops document) discusses "Host Address Availability Recommendations". In short, the document "recommends that networks provide general-purpose end hosts with multiple global IPv6 addresses when they attach, and it describes the benefits of and the options for doing so." Any restrictions on the number IPv6 addresses a general-purpose host may form should be further examined.
All IPv6 addresses in an I-D should be written according to RFC 5952.
In URI, the format of IPv6 literals uses square brackets to differentiate the ':' of the IPv6 address and the ':' used to separate the layer-3 address and the layer-4 port such as in http://[2001:db8::cafe]:8080.
All new IPv6 Extension Headers and Extension Header Options should be reviewed by the 6man working group. Extension Header Option Type code points include 3 bits of fine-grained behaviour indicators (RFC8200 §4.2) that should be given due consideration.
All new ICMPv6 ND Options should be reviewed by the 6man working group. ND differs from other protocols, especially in its use of multicast. New ND Options should consider carefully which ND messages may carry them.
Some folks can be tempted to tinker with IPv6 flow labels, often to imbue them with interesting semantics. No matter the concept under discussion, any document that aims to do anything special with flow labels should be cognisant of the following key RFCs:
When I-D includes examples, the addresses should be from one of the reserved ranges as specified in RFC6890 (e.g. 2001:db8::/32 for IPv6, 192.0.2.0/24 and the other documentation ranges for IPv4)
The blocks 192.0.2.0/24 (TEST-NET-1), 198.51.100.0/24 (TEST-NET-2), and 203.0.113.0/24 (TEST-NET-3) are provided for use in documentation.
IPv4 and IPv6 have different minimum MTU on the link (68 and 1280 bytes) and protocols should be designed to leverage larger MTU.
Fragmentation is also done differently between IPv4 and IPv6 as fragmentation can occur on the path for IPv4, but only at the originating host for IPv6.
What happens when an encapsulated packet cannot be forwarded ? Should ICMP error message be generated ? To which destination ? Including which part of the inside packet ?
Should a tunnel type be registered? https://www.iana.org/assignments/smi-numbers/smi-numbers.xhtml#smi-numbers-6
IPv6 Extension headers (except for the Hop-by-Hop Options header) are not processed, inserted, or deleted by any node other than the node in the Destination Address field of the IPv6 header as per RFC8200 [when a Routing Header is present the destination address may be the next waypoint in the segment list, as opposed to the ultimate destination address]. Intermediate nodes that wish to add extension headers need to create a new encapsulated IPv6 packet to do so.
IPv6 addresses of nodes are expected to be more visible on the Internet as compared with IPv4 due to the reduced need for NATs. RFC7721 explores a bunch of privacy and security issues related to this.
The content on this page was last updated on 2022-02-13. It was migrated from the old Trac wiki on 2022-12-14.